Did you know that approximately 90% of adult dogs and 70% of adult cats have some form of oral disease? Dental problems are among the top three pet owners concerns in dogs and cats. There are many misconceptions about how to provide good oral care to your pets. Here is a list of most common myths about dental health for dogs and cats.
1. White teeth equal a healthy mouth.
Not necessarily. The health of the gums is more important than the color of the teeth. Red swollen gums are a sign that INFECTION is lurking below the gumline. This infection can lead to bad breath, tooth loss, and heart, liver and kidney disease in pets. The best way to ensure that your pet has a healthy mouth is to have a regular oral examination and professional tooth cleaning procedure completed by veterinarian on at least an annual basis.
2. Bad breath is normal in pets
Not true. Bad breath is an indicator of an infected mouth. The odor is often caused the by-products of the bacteria in the mouth that form plaque and lead to dental disease. If your pet has halitosis please consult your veterinarian for thorough dental exam and cleaning procedure.
3. Anesthesia is scary so non-anesthetic dental cleaning is the way to go.
Yes, there is always a risk when an animal is anesthetized however a thorough pre-op examination and blood work along with individualized anesthetic protocols and monitoring puts the pet at lesser risk during anesthesia. An anesthesia free dental cleaning provides no benefit to your pet’s oral health. Scaling or scraping the teeth with an instrument only makes a tooth whiter in appearance. It is not possible to eliminate bacteria beneath the gumline where damage is done. Scaling without proper polishing leaves the tooth surface roughened and will leave more surface are for bacterial plaque to attach to the tooth surface. Anesthesia free dental cleanings are most dangerous because they give you a false sense of security that the pet has a clean mouth, leaving periodontal disease undetected and untreated. – See more at: http://avdc.org/AFD/pet-periodontal-disease/#sthash.EGBX3IuT.dpuf
A thorough pre-op examination and blood work along with individualized anesthetic protocols and monitoring puts the pet at lesser risk during anesthesia.
4. Tooth brushing is too hard and my pet hates it and it really doesn’t help anyway.
While not all pets are willing to accept tooth brushing it is the gold standard for good oral care. It does take time to train your pet to accept tooth brushing. Start slow with your finger and some pet toothpaste. Hold the muzzle with one hand and gently insert your finger between the cheek and the teeth and “brush” the teeth. Reward the pet with his favorite treat, praise or game when he accepts the brushing! You may need to do this every day for a week to ensure your pet learns that it’s ok! Once the pet accepts your finger than begin using toothbrush but introduce it slowly over several days. You only need to brush the outside of the teeth. Pets keep the inside of the teeth very clean on their own. Only brush the teeth you want to keep! 😉
5. Feeding a hard kibble will keep my pets teeth clean.
False – most dogs and cats actually swallow their kibble whole therefore getting no dental benefit. Even if your pet chews the kibble, the kibble is too hard and breaks apart when the tooth hits it and offers no benefit. There are dental diets that are specifically designed to solve this problem. The kibble is larger, softer and is comprised a fiber matrix that allows the tooth to penetrate the kibble thus wiping the plaque off the tooth.
6. Bones or chew toy to help keep his teeth clean.
While your dog will love you for the bone, his teeth may not. The dogs jaw does not shift side to side like a humans therefore when they chow down on a bone they often fracture the carnassial teeth. These fractured teeth hurt and can lead to infections and abscess if left untreated. A good rule of thumb when giving your dog a chew toy is if you can’t easily bend it with your hands or if you wouldn’t want to be hit in the knee with it, don’t give it to your pet. Wild dogs and wolves often have multiple fractures in their mouths due to chewing on bones.
7. Dogs and cats don’t feel pain!
Our pets can’t tell us about the pain they feel and they often want us to be happy so they mask the pain. An infected mouth or a fracture tooth hurt and requires treatment. Pets need to eat to stay alive so they will often figure out a way to do so that causes the least amount of pain. If you notice your pet dropping food or only chewing on one side of the mouth there may be a problem.
8. I don’t see the mouth so it doesn’t bother me if its’ not pretty.
Pet with dental disease has an INFECTION! Would you leave an infected ear untreated or a sore toe untreated? The fact that this infection is in the oral cavity and every time that animal chews bacteria is being released into the bloodstream. The bacteria can have a detrimental effect on the heart, liver and kidney. There are even new studies linking joint issues to the oral cavity.
9. Oral disease is an inevitable part of aging.
False – If a pet receives good oral home care and routine professional cleanings they are much less likely to develop dental disease as they age. Studies have should that good oral care and add an average of 2 years to the life of your pet. Just as age is not a disease, dental disease does not have to be an issue in aging pets.
10. How can I know if a dental product will actually work for my pet?
The Veterinary Oral Health Council gives dental products a seal of approval for either plaque reduction or tartar reduction. The VOHC exists to recognize products that meet pre-set standards of plaque and calculus (tartar) retardation in dogs and cats. Products are awarded the VOHC Seal of Acceptance have been proven to work based on scientific studies and protocols.